Skin cancer is a dangerous medical disorder which occurs when the skin cells are damaged. In most cases, the cause of skin cell deterioration can be attributed to overexposure of the body to ultraviolet radiation. The condition is characterised by crusty and non-healing sores on the skin. Small lumps, freckles and moles might also develop on the affected individual. If the cancer is not identified and treated in time, the end result could be permanent disfigurement and other medical complications. Here are some practical guidelines to help you minimise the risk of developing skin cancer.
Avoid the Sun
Ultraviolet radiation from the sun is the primary cause of skin cell damage. Therefore, you should avoid lounging beneath the open sun, particularly at the middle of the day. You should seek shade to minimise the impact of the sun while outside. Also, you can look for different ways to cover your skin if the sun cannot be completely avoided. For example, you can wear wide brimmed hats and long-sleeved clothes.
You cannot escape UV radiation completely when in the great outdoors. It is important to reinforce your skin protection by using sunscreen. The product will reduce the penetration of harmful rays into your skin cells. As a result, the damage sustained by your body will be reduced. You should look for a broad spectrum, water-resistant product for optimal protection. This property will allow the applied layer to remain for longer even if you sweat or swim. You should also remember to reapply the sunscreen as indicated on the product for the best protection.
Sun tanning is a popular practice, but it should be avoided for better skin health. In general, tanning occurs when ultraviolet rays penetrate the skin and sink to the lower layers of the epidermis. Then, the rays trigger the special cells known as melanocytes to produce more melanin. The excess melanin is produced as a natural response by the body to protect against the sunlight. Unfortunately, tanning requires absorption of UV rays which increase skin cell damage. You should avoid tanning under the open sun or in tanning beds.
Conduct Regular Skin Checks
You should conduct thorough physical check-ups and identify anomalies which could indicate abnormalities in your skin health. Early detection of cancerous cells can prevent complications during treatment. If you identify strange lumps or freckles or evolving lumps on your skin, you should consult a specialist for a skin cancer check.